The McKinney Maze
Vol II #4
Newsletter of the McKinney Family Association
The McKinney Family Association & Library was founded September 1981 as a non-profit, educational association and library, dedicated to researching, preserving and collecting historical and family data. To assist and instruct in genealogical research and to publish private and public records and educational articles. Bylaws and Constitution adopted October 1981.
Granted Non-Profit Incorporation, May 3, 1983, by the State of Oklahoma, trustees are: Barbara Pannage Stanfield, E. Neil Stanfield and Richard A. Kipf.
Officers: Barbara Pannaqe Stanfield, Coordinator
Patricia McKinney Kirkwood, Secretary Editor
Willa Sorenson, Associate Editor
Rosalie Jackson, Registrar Treasurer
Alice McKinney Fisher, Pedigree & Ancestry Charts
Wilma Cook, Indexing
The Editor is not responsible for the errors of submitted materials, and all such material will be filed in the Association archives and Library Collection. Library materials and donations for research are tax-deductible.
Production, The Augustan Society
The results of our election (18 ballots received from a total of 135), which is probably about the national average for voting in any election, were unanimous in re-electing the present officers. Only a few of them carried comments or suggestions, which follow:
"Why change when you have a good thing going" "Fall was the best issue, ever".
"Keep up the good work!"
"Good work, thank everyone, it is appreciated."
Ballots are filed and are available to the members. From the response, it would appear that our members are satisfied with the present format and content. This issue will continue our Carolina research with some additional new notes from other areas. We have received some new publications, and have ordered three that will be of help both to our members and our researchers.
Daniel McInnish (aka Daniel McKinney), by Mildred Gee
The McKinnie Family of Isle of Wight Co., VA
Over the Mountain Men, Worrell (WVA records)
Scots Prisoners Banished to the Plantations, Dobson
Somerset Co., NJ Genealogical Quarterly, 3rd Issue
Tuttle Antiquarian Book Catalog, No. 4 (Rutland, Vermont)
Catalog of the CA State Library (Sutro Collection), ordered January 1, 1984
Western PA Genealogy Society Quarterly, 1983 1984
German Settlers in NJ, Chambers (Ordered Jan 15, 1984)
We have a continuing correspondence with Mr. Charles MacKinnon of Dunakin, and he has graciously given his permission to publish his comments on the McKinney family as it related to the MacKinnons of Scotland. From time to time, we will keep you informed as to the latest thinking on the surname, McKinney. He should be considered as an authority on the Mackinnon family, and on Scotland, in general. He has furnished a genealogy of Clan MacKinnon which gives no indication of the parentage of Mordecai McKinney. He feels sure that the surname McKinney is a corruption of Mackenzie, and probably originated in Ayr or Kirkudbrightshire, especially given the Protestant religion of most of the members of this family most Highlanders were of the Roman Catholic faith. He also mentioned attempting to buy an acre of ground where the Mackinnons were seated at Dunringill, without success. Nothing remains of the Dunringill castle on the western shores of Loch Slapin (Kilmorie). The name, McKinney is described as MacCionaodha, rendered phonetically in Gaelic as MacKinney and MacKenzie is described as from the early Irish Cainnigh, pronounced "Cainny", which gives us quite unequivocally MacKinney. Mr. MacKinnon feels that there is no "pat' answer to the origin of McKinney as a surname, that there are several names which could be described in that matter, MacKinnons were MacFhionghuin, based on the Gaelic name, Fingon and sometimes referred to as MacInnon or MacFingon. He concluded his remarks with the saying attributed to Sir Thomas Innes of Learney, "the world belongs to the man with two acres and a cow" (but those with competitive spirit see the point in trying to parlay the two acres and a cow into 50 acres and a nice herd!).
John McKinney, Friedrich Gerstaecker, and "Brigadoon": A Link Between Frontier America, 19th Century German Literature, and Modern American Theater
David Owen Hale
In the spring of 1837, Friedrich Wilhelm Christian Gerstaecker, a young man of 21 with an adventurous spirit, set out from his home in Germany, to visit the US to see at first hand the land and people that were the subjects of so many romantic images by other European travelers and writers. Little did he probably realize that his subsequent adventures would provide the source of so much of his future writing and contribute to his reputation as an internationally acclaimed writer whose works are still studied by scholars on both sides of the Atlantic over a century after his death. Certainly, he could not have known that his experience on the frontier of Northwest AR would eventually be reflected, albeit indirectly, in the popular 20th Century musical, Brigadoon by Alan Jay Lerner and Frederick Lowe. Nor would the descendants of John McKinney recognize their pioneer ancestor, suddenly transported from the wilds of 19th Century Northwestern AR to the modern stage in the guise of a magical Scottish villager via an almost forgotten German short story! The purpose of this paper is to briefly summarize the findings of various researchers regarding this phenomenon and to include such biographic details as might be available. We are indebted to Gerstaecker especially, for his eyewitness descriptions and comments concerning John McKinney and his family which will be shared here. Thus, the descendants of McKinney and his son in law, John England Myers, are provided a unique window through which one may gaze over the intervening century, on the lives and personalities of their pioneer forebears.
The life of Friedrich Gerstaecker is a well-chronicled one as one would expect of a major German literary figure. He was born in Hamburg in 1816; his father a well established concert singer and his mother, a well known actress. After some indecisive attempts to establish a career, Gerstaecker, whose adventurous spirit had been honed since youth with such readings as Defoe's Robinson Crusoe, set out to set out to satisfy his curiosity and test his mettle on the American frontier. His wanderings from 1837 through 1843, took him from New York City through upstate New York, southern Ontario, through OH, Southern IN and IL, and to St. Louis, MO. He traveled thence to Little Rock, AR through central MO and upper AR. He subsequently traveled to the (then) Republic of TX (1838 1839) and LA, spending some time working on steamboats on the MS River before reluctantly returning to Germany in 1843. Though educated and cultivated as one would expect of a European of his station, was none the less, a hunter and not just a gentleman adventurer'. He traveled usually on foot, with a blanket, chance of clothing, game bag, gun and ammunition, and little ready cash. He worked at a variety of jobs, but only to finance his continued wandering and hunting. He encountered the variety of personalities and situations that existed on the western frontier at that time and recorded much of this in letters and in his diary as well as indelibly in his mind. After his return to Germany, Gerstaecker continued his travels. As part of a government commission, he traveled during the period 1849 1852 through South America, California, Hawaii, Tahiti, Australia, and the Dutch East Indies. In 1860 and 1861, he made another visit to South America and in 1862 traveled to Egypt. In 1867 1868, he traveled again to the Americas and at his death in Braunschweig in 1872, was planning still further trips. It was his adventures on the American western frontier during the period 1837 1843, which provided him on his return to his homeland
with the material for his first book in 1844, entitled, Streifund Jagduzeuge durch die Vereinigsten Staaten Nordamericas which was translated and republished in 1854 under the title Wild Sports in the Far West. Gerstaecker published a revision in 1856, but the 1854 version, without the editing of the 1856 printing, is available today in a 1968 reprint by the Duke University Press, Durham, NC. Gerstaecker was an avid hunter and spent much of his time hunting in AR and much of the "Wild Sports' chronicles these adventures. Gerstaecker, who has been called ". . one of the best of the mid-century German writers on America", wrote prodigiously (approximately 150 works) on a variety of subjects, but is best known for his travel books and novels concerning North and South America. For us, our interest is in "Wild Sports', in which Gerstaecker describes his adventures with two frontiersmen he identifies with the pseudonyms, Slowtrap and Konwell. Also of interest, is his classic story, Germelshausen (described by Sammons of Yale University as one of the greatest short stories in the German language), which was published in Leipzig in 1862 as part of a collection of short stores entitled Heimliche und Unheimliche Geschichten. Research by Professor Clarence Evans: the Friedrich Gerstaecker Gesellschaft in West Germany; and the late Mrs. Octavia Fulcher Douglas of Tahlequah, OK, has provided us with the evidence that "Slowtrap' was John England Myers (Meiers in German), and "Konwell' (John McKinney), when he wrote Germelshausen and most particularly, by Konwell (McKinney) daughter, Sophie, who was probably the basis for the character Gertrud in that story.
Germelshausen was written sometime in 1861 or 1862 when Gerstaecker, grieving over the death of his wife, was staying with his friend and patron, the Duke of Koburg-Gotha at Rosenau, near Koburg, Germany. Here, he occupied his time, as described by Professor Evans, assembling and restudying his old diaries, letters, and travel journals; writing; and following closely such reports of the American Civil War as were carried by German newspapers. It is reasonable to assume that his memories, renewed by his old journals, dwelt on his "seven dream weeks' with the Konwells (McKinneys) and on Sophie, for whom, in a letter to his close friend Adolph Hermann Schulz, Gerstaecker admitted his love. His experiences and his skills in the use of literary invention brought forth the story. Briefly, the story of Germelshausen concerns a young artist who wandered into an unfamiliar German mountain valley where he encountered Gertrud, a sixteen year old girl, who would invite him to her village and cemetery, and participated in a festival that evening. During all of this, the young man noted certain various strange comments by Gertrud and the inhabitants. A few minutes before midnight, Gertrud led the young man away from the festival to a spot outside the village, where she implores him to remain until after midnight. At midnight, in the midst of a storm, the village disappears and the young man, in his search, learns of the phantom village that appears once every hundred years. Approximately a century after Gerstaecker's sojourn with the "Konwells' (Mckinneys) in northwestern AR, the story magically seemed to reappear transported to the Highlands of Scotland and renamed, Brigadoon. As Professor Evans has explained, the parallels between Brigadoon on the one hand, and Gerstaecker's Germelshausen and his journals of the days with the Konwells on the other, are so striking that in all rationality, one may wonder if the fundamental similarities are matters of fortuitous coincidence. Evans, drawing from known data and circumstantial evidence, has determined that Gerstaecker based Germelshausen on his stay with the Konwells and that in particular, Sophie McKinney was the model for Gertrud. Evans has described convincingly, the probably effect on Gerstaecker of the relative
primitive life of the Konwells in the ". . . isolated, remote White River valley in Madison Co., AR' and the obvious comparisons with Gerstaecker's background in the then modern, "sophisticated, metropolitan culture of . . his native Germany'. As Evans has pointed out, Gerstaecker in frontier northwestern AR, essentially went back in time in terms of a cultural time scale. Gerstaecker's reluctant departure from the Konwells is documented as is his memory of the upper White River Valley region reflected in his description of the locale for Germelshausen. This is not the place to retrace the various elements of evidence that have led Evans and others to this conclusion, that Germelshausen was influenced by his stay with the Konwells or its apparent sequel manifested in Brigadoon. This is done adequately elsewhere and one can either accept or reject the conclusion. Allen Jay Lerner, the author of Brigadoon, who has been questioned on the possible influence of Germelshausen on his work, has consistently maintained that it was a matter of extra ordinary coincidence. Coincidence or not, the descendants of John McKinney and John England Myers and especially Sophie McKinney Grayum, might be forgiven if they succumb to their romantic inclinations whenever they see one of the recurring productions of Brigadoon and see, instead of magical Scottish villagers, their forebears in northwestern AR!
But if we accept this conclusion, we must then ask ourselves, who was this "Slowtrap' (John England Myers)? Who was "Konwell' (John McKinney)? What happened to them? While Gerstaecker has provided us with a microcosmian view of the life and personality of John McKinney and his family on the American frontier in the early 1840's, McKinney's origins and early life are still somewhat obscure. Researchers are often faced with conflicting data due to the similarity of names, geographical locations, and dates. John McKinney is believed to have been born in the vicinity of Tom's Creek, Surry Co., NC, circa 1781. His parentage has not been proven conclusively, but circumstantial evidence strongly suggests that he was the son of James McKinney and Mary Ballard. Assuming that his supposition is correct, available data reveals that his father James, was born circa 1750 in the vicinity of Hepburnville, Lycoming Co., PA, and came with his parents, John McKinney and Susannah Campbell, to the Gates Co area of NC, circa 1757 (French and Indian War period). James married Mary Byram Ballard circa 1771, whose Quaker parents, William and Mary, resided in VA (suggesting that James met her there, rather than in NC). James' father, John McKinney, is believed to be from the vicinity of Lebanon, Hunterdon Co., NJ, where he was baptized 3 Jun, 1714, and is reported to have died near Sunbury, Gates Co., NC, 1772. His (John) parents, in turn, are believed to be Mordecai McKinney (1685, Skye, Scotland 1760, Lebanon, NJ) and Mary Sebring (ca 1695 NJ), whose parents were Dutch. Mordecai appears to be the progenitor of large numbers of McKinney descendants across the US, but for us it is worthwhile to note that Mordecai's great grandsons included Colin McKinney (through son, Daniel and Great-grandson Daniel), signer of the Texas Declaration of Independence and for whom McKinney, TX and Collin Co. are named and "our' John (through his son, John and Grandson, James). One wonders if their familial relationship had any influence in "our' John's decision to settle in the Collin Co. area. Of course, as mentioned before, this relationship is not yet proven. We have written records of "our' John's parents as members of Westfield Monthly Meeting (successor of the Tom's Creek Meeting), organized for worship by the Quakers circa 1771. It is perhaps significant that the membership included the Ballards and Pinsons as well as McKinneys as they were to subsequently intermarry.
Researchers have been confounded at this point as there are apparently two (2) John McKinneys present, both born approximately the same year (1780), (1781) and both allegedly from the same parents! The "other' John, married Mary Wilson and died in 1845 in Highland Co., OH. They were also Quakers and lived near Obediah and Sarah Smith McKinney (brother and sister in law to "our' John). This confusion is yet to be resolved. Could the parents have named two sons with the same first names? There are other John and James McKinneys in the Southwest VA and northwest NC, living approximately the same time and no doubt with some familial relationship to one another. It provides an interesting challenge for genealogists to overcome. Our John married Margaret "Peggy' Lee of Russell Co., VA, ca 1809. She was the daughter of James Lee, a resident of Russell Co since approximately 1787, according to existing tax records. Unfortunately, his origin is unknown and so far, researchers have been frustrated in their attempt to link James with the famous "Lees of Virginia'. The settlement of his estate which took place after both his and Peggy's deaths, have provided the descendants with proof of family association at least through James. Tracing the subsequent movements of our John and his bride, Peggy, after their departure from NC/VA has been difficult. Researchers have identified them, however, at the following locations: Washington Co., VA 1810; White Co., TN, circa 1816 1817, 1830; Perry Co., KY, circa 1825 1826; Green Co., MO in Apr 1832; Fayetteville, AR, 1834; Madison Co., AR 1836. It was at the latter site, just a short distance from present day Combs, in Madison Co of northwestern AR, that Gerstaecker first encountered John McKinney. It was here, too, that Peggy passed away, circa 1843.
Nov 1841, Gerstaecker was staying with Gustavus Klingelhoeffer, a German immigrant, on a farm approximately two miles west of Perryville, AR, near the Fourche is Fave River. Here, he met "Slowtrap' who lived further up the river near present day Rover, Yell Co. "Slowtrap', an accomplished raconteur, encouraged Gerstaecker to accompany him up into the Ozarks where they could go hunting with his father in law, "Konwell', a genuine frontiersman skilled in the hunting of bear. After staying briefly with "Slowtrap's' family, they proceeded north to the Ozarks and on Christmas Eve, 24 Dec 1841, arrived at "Konwell's' log cabin on the north bank of the White River (about one mile east of Combs). There, he was to remain until mid Feb, 1842, when he began his trek homeward to Germany. Now, let us turn to his Wild Sports in the Far West and through his observations, a century ago, examine the personalities of the McKinney Myers families.
On page 228, one has the first encounter with Slowtrap (John England Myers), who is described as an "old backwoodsman who showed so much kindness and good feeling that I (Gerstaecker) became quite attached to him'. On pages 232 234, Slowtrap residence on the Fourche la Fave is mentioned. Then, on page 234, he described Slowtrap Myers, " . . my old friend cut a glorious figure as he rode beside me. He was about six feet high and large boned as a fine figure would allow. A pair of thoroughly honest eyes look out of a good humored, weather beaten face, and were in constant motion, giving a great animation to the massive figure. Nobody had ever seen him laugh, but those who are well acquainted with him say, that a little widening twitch of the mouth and a slight closing of the corner of the left eye, are certain evidence of good humor; neither had anybody ever seen him go faster than at a quick walk he seemed to consider it beneath his dignity to run. A well worn black coast, with large pockets and flaps, was thrown over his shoulders and notwithstanding the rough weather his legs were cased in a pair of thin, light colored
Trousers, which rumpled up high enough to show a muscular calf above a short sock; a pair of shoes of his own making covered his feet; while a hat of any shape but the original, and that had been black, covered his head, page 239: . . his wife, (Jane McKinney Myers) and children stood at the door as we arrived, and although I knew that they were much attached to each other, and lived very happily together, and he had been about three weeks absent, not the least word was exchanged that could be construed into a greeting. "Take my saddle in," said Slowtrap to his eldest son, a boy of eight years old, who was leaning on the fence, looking at us as if we were perfect strangers. At last when the horse was cared for, and all things in their places, Slowtrap went into the house and took a seat, and lifted his youngest child into his lap; and then he said, "how do you do, all of you?'. This distant reserve of the Americans, so prevalent even in their own familys, often stuck cold on my heart, and made me regret my native land'. (Note: Gerstaecker is contradictory here. Note his reception at the McKinney/Konwell House). A description of the simple home on the frontier follows on page 240. On age 241, he described the children . . "The above named boy, a girl of ten, a blue-eyed, flaxen haired rosey cheeked girl of four, diligently munching a bunch of wild grapes, and the little one on my friends lap formed the family.' On page 242, Slowtrap related some of his adventures with the Indians in his early days in KY. "KY was at that time a wilderness, when my father, my uncle, and myself arrived near the dwelling of Daniel Boone, to look about for a spot that would suit us; for Carolina, where we then lived, began to be populous, and a man, who wanted to shoot a turkey or partridge was tired before he had walked half an hour, from the fences he was obliged to climb over. I was then just 18 . . " The approximate date of his adventures in KY is revealed as "thirty years ago' which would be circa 1811. On page 243, Slowtrap described the theft of their horses by Indians, the death of his uncle, and the killing of three Indians whose bodies were left to wolves on his uncle's grave. Another insight into the personality of Slowtrap can be found on page 270, "Slowtrap was not ready. It was quite out of his character to be hurried. I saw no end of his awful procrastination . . ". Beginning on page 282, we are introduced to Slowtrap's father in law, identified as Konwell by Gerstaecker, but who we now know to be John McKinney. Gerstaecker described the family: "the family was assembled around the fire, a matron (Margaret Lee McKinney) of pleasing appearance rose from her seat on the entrance of her son in law, and cordially shook his hand, while two fine boys of 11 and 8 (possibly William and John Myers McKinney) jumped up to welcome him; another person in the room, a young graceful girl who at first kept modestly in the background then came forward to greet her brother in law, who addressed her as Sophy (Sophie McKinney Grayum); neither was the stranger overlooked, but received a hearty welcome from all . . I, who a few moments before, had felt so deserted and miserable, now experienced a silent joy, as I looked on the amiable honourable countenance of the mother, the mild expression of the daughter, and the open happy faces of the two boys. It was as if I had found new relations, and was once again at home. Never in my life had I felt from the first moment so completely domesticated as with these people." Gerstaecker then described Konwell who we now know to be John McKinney, " . . old Konwell came in, if ever uprightness was stamped upon any countenance, it was upon his, his hair was white as snow, but his step was springy as he moved about in his hunting shirt, leggings, moccasins, and bare neck, as if he had seen but 20 years. (note, he was about 61 then). After we have been seated about an hour, it seemed as if I had known him from childhood, and the evening flew past with incredible swiftness." A further clue for researchers is provided when Gerstaecker identifies the youngest boy (allegedly 8 years old, which would indicate a birth year of 1833), as
"John', possibly John Myers McKinney). A further description of Slowtrap is included on page 284, "Slowtrap who never could bear lying or sitting on the cold ground, sat himself on the fence, about five feet high, told us some of his humorous stories with his usual gravity." On page 288, Gerstaecker describes Konwell, ". . my companion leaning on his elbow was gazing on the fire and lost in recollections of the past, but his past must have been a happy one for he often smiled to himself. He had lived an active life, and looked forward to a happy old age, in the circle of an amiable family, in the vicinity of his married children, in the enjoyment of health and strength. Wherefore should he be unhappy? Konwell told me he was 62 years old today (31 Dec 1841) which would mean he was born circa 1779) and yet he was so strong and active that I had to exert myself to keep up with him. He spoke of his past life, how he had continually preceded civilization, first in Carolina, then in KY, TN, MO, and now in the Ozark Mountains. Note: compare what Gerstaecker recorded with what researchers have found in regard to McKinney's movements. He complained that people were gathering too thick about him, and said he felt a strong inclination to make another move. He mentioned how fortunate and happy he was in his family. He spoke of his children." Gerstaecker recounts some of the stories of Konwell's youth (pp 293-305) as told by the campfire: . . 'About 40 years ago (circa 1801), my parents moved into the Cumberland Mountains, and as the land was good and fertile, and game plentiful, a little settlement was soon made'. Konwell recounted a story about fighting Indians when he was about 22 years old (1801), he mentioned his Uncle Ben. (note: this name could be a clue for research. Uncle Ben could also be a maternal uncle, perhaps a Ballard), and recounted an incident with his father: 'I was between 5 and 6 when my father made my first pair of moccasins, for he was a very good shoemaker and had always made strong shoes for children, though he himself always wore moccasins, but at my earnest, repeated, request, he made a pair for me, and warned me particularly not to lose them. The story goes on about how he did misplace one of them, much to his father's displeasure and eventually finding the missing moccasin in his father's boot. (Note: those of us with small children, this story seems very familiar!). Another clue to John McKinney's background is included in a story on page 305, where he is recorded saying, 'not many years ago, when I lived in the Kickapoo prairie, in MO (John is recorded to have been in MO in 1832), four of us set out one morning to shoot buffaloes. Gerstaecker concluded his story of his stay with the Konwell (McKinney) family, with a description of a hunting adventure. While hunting bear, Konwell was injured by a panther (p 331), "but Konwell, who in spite of his deep gashes, which were not healed, was as fresh and as strong as ever after his first meal and could not remain quiet under the circumstances'. This incident was quickly followed by a tragedy, in which an English-born hunting companion, identified only as 'Erskine' is slain by a bear and is subsequently buried in the mountains. Gerstaecker departed soon after, never to return, though he had been encouraged by Konwell to remain. While Gerstaecker was apparently sorely tempted to remain, he realistically decided to return to civilization and to his home in Germany. I was very sorrowful on leaving this place, where the kind treatment of these good people had to completely gained my affections, and I was obliged to cut short my leave, taking to hide my emotions". Probably not long after his departure, John McKinney's wife, Peggy, died from unknown causes. It was probably her death and his already stated desire to move on which encouraged him to migrate to TX. We do not know exactly when or where he arrived in North TX. It is possible he was drawn to what is now Collin County by reports of relatives
that were already in the area. Official US service records in the National Archives that were open, reveal that on 2 Feb 1847, at the "Elm Fork of the Trinity', he was enlisted in Capt. William Fitzhugh's Co. of Lt. Col. Peter H. Beth's regiment of TX Mounted Volunteers (better known as the TX Rangers). His service record lists his age as "40', but as this is obviously incorrect, it can be assumed that the common practice of falsifying one's age was involved as he was obviously over the usual statutory age for active military service. However, it can be noted that he passed the visual test of physical appearance and perceived physical endurance. The purpose of these "Ranging Companies' was to screen the frontier from Indian attack, a vital mission with the Army's attention directed to the southwest and the war with Mexico. On 26 Nov 1847, John McKinney is reported to have "died of sickness'. Available records relating to the probate of his estate indicate only that, " . . John McKinney died intestate in the service of the US . . on or about 25 Jan 1848'. The different dates given for his death are not explained.
John McKinney lies in the small McKinney Grayum Family Cemetery, located on a hill in the back pasture of the Kendall ranch, northeast of Forest Grove, Collin Co., TX. The quiet cemetery is marked by a simple weather-beaten shaft and protected by a modern chain link fence. Inscribed on each of the four sides of the shaft is the identity of those to whose memory this memorial was erected on the Black Land Prairie area of North TX. The casual observer, who notes the still readable names of J. McKinney, 1781 1848; E. McKinney, 1850 1865; S. Grayum, 1824 1849; and G. Z. Grayum, 1848 1866, can be forgiven if he does not give this spot any more than a passing glance. There is nothing to distinguish the small cemetery from the thousands of similar family cemeteries across TX and the US. It is merely another obscure marker in the mortal passage of men. One of the purposes of this paper, therefore, is to "give life' to those who lie here for future generations to consider. John McKinney, born in the last days of King George the Third's rule, was a pioneer and adventurer whose life could well be the model of those Anglo-Celtic-European pioneers who pushed the American frontier ever westward. His birth during the last period of the American Revolution and his death during the Mexican War, when the US realized its goal of "Manifest Destiny' from "sea to shining sea', parallels and indeed personifies, the restless westward expansion of the settlers. Finally, there is the interesting aspect of the chance meeting with a wandering German hunter and adventurer who would later immortalize the "seven dream weeks' in his writing. And who cannot but speculate, as one gazes upon the grave of Sophie McKinney Grayum, who lies near her father, as to the role she placed in Gerstaecker's Germelshausen and its association with Brigadoon!
Editor: Following are the specific names and dates concerning this family. The one notation that "does not tract' is that of the McKinney family, chiefly James and Mary Ballard McKinney, settling in the Cumberland they remained in Tom's Creek or Westfield, as far as is known at this time. Both are buried in Westfield Quaker Burying Ground. James and Sarah Pinson McKinney may have done so, however. Perhaps "Uncle Ben' could have been a Pinson relative?
This is not the "last word' on John McKinney, John England Myers. The information compiled here was prepared with the full knowledge that there will be additional facts which will come to light which will add to, confirm, or challenge that which was presented here. All are welcomed. Particularly of interest is, of course, the origins of John McKinney and his wife, Peggy Lee. In order to assist other researchers as well as to attempt to validate the findings presented here, the following notes are provided for your review:
1. The prime reference is of course, Gerstaecker's Wild Sports in the Far West which is available in a 1968 reprint from Duke University Press, Durham, NC.
2. The individual most responsible for the successful research which revealed the identities off "Slowtrap' to be John England Myers and "Konwell' John McKinney is Professor Clarence Evans, retired from his position at Northeast State College, Tahlequah, OK. It is a must for any Northeast State College, Tahlequah, OK. It is a must for any serious researcher to review Professor Evans' work, which can be classed as fundamental in any examination of Gerstaecker's sojourn in AR. The following used extensively in the preparation of this paper:
a. "Gerstaecker and the Konwells of White River Valley", the AR Historical Quarterly, Spring, 1950, Vol. X, # 1, pp 1 -36. Professor Evans traced the actual route of Gerstaecker in AR, to include the cave site where the fight with the bear and the death of the Englishman occurred.
b. "A Cultrual Link Between 19th Century Germany and the Arkansas Ozarks" The Modern Language Journal, Vol. XXXV, Nov 1951, #7, pp 523-530. This was a paper read at the annual meeting of the AR Historical Society in 1951. Evans describes convincingly how the author was inspired by his experience in AR with McKinney and Myers when he wrote Germelshausen.
c. "Adventure Story of young German Explorer Has Sequel in Modern Day," Arkansas Gazette, Sunday, 3 May 1953, p 2F. Evans recounts the adventures of the author in AR and presents a substantial case for comparisons between the two short stores. Letter from Alan Jay Lerner included explaining the origin of his state production and letters from Margarethe Gerstaecker, daughter of the writer.
d. Personal Letter, Clarence Evans to David O. Hale.
3. Other works consulted "America in the Works of Gerstaecker", A. J. Prahl
"The Search for the Erskine Grave", Matthews
"Crude Carving May be Key to History", Arkansas Gazette
"Land of Limited Possibilities", Jeffrey L. Sammons
"the Street Where I Live", Lerner
Friedrich, Gerstaecker, Gessellschaft, Thomas Ostwald
Friedrich, Gerstaecker, and Seine Zeit, March, 1982
"The McKinney Maze", Vol. II, #3, Fall 1983
"Some Descendants of Mordecai McKinney", Gerald McKinney Petty, Eulah McKinney Ridgeway
"Peters Colony of Texas", Seymour V. Connor, 1959
"Collin County Pioneering in North Texas", Roy F., Helen Gibbard Hall
"A History of Collin County, TX", J. Lee, Lillian J. Stambaugh
"Past & Present of Green Co., Missouri", Jonathan Fairbanks, Clyde Edwin Tuck
4. Among the most valuable documents which provide identification of family members are those documents which evolve from the settlement of estates. The search for the Lee family connection begins essentially with a letter, still in existence, written by John Myers McKinney, 23 Apr 1865 to his nephew, William C. Myers. The letter is concerned with the estate of James Lee of Russell, VA, and the distribution of their share, inherited through J. M. McKinney's mother, Peggy Lee. Within are mentioned S. C. Gose (cousin at Benkley Mills, VA), brother Giles; brother William; sister Sophie; brother Nelson; W. B. McKinney; Rolin McKinney; Burden heirs (presumably referring to his sister Sarah, who married Nathaniel Burden) and Myers heirs (referring to his sister Jane, who was married to John England Myers) or Slowtrap. The Tillman mentioned in the letter was Joe Tillman, husband of Sarah Myers and daughter of John E. and Jane McKinney. Letter as Written, follows:
McKenny, Tx, Apr 23, 1865. (Printed letterhead, J. M. McKinney, Elder of the Church of Christ). Dear Nephew & Family, we are all well. Hope when this comes to hand you will all be enjoying the same blessings of life. We are having a fine rain, though farmers have been wanting rain. A good portion of the wheat has been plowed up. This rain I think will make the oats; corn generally looks well. Well I have sold a claim and also Nelson's widow in VA for 40 dollars a piece an acre and a fraction that was laid up to my mother. I think it is eleven acres to be divided between heirs as there was 10 here of us and 3 is dead without heirs so that leaves seven Jim McKinney heirs, Burden heirs, Meyers heirs, W. B. McKinney myself, and Nelson's widow, and Rolin McKinney. Bro. Giles McKenny, Bro. William McKinney, and Sister Sophia are all dead without heirs. S. C. Gose, cousin of mine, wrote to me to write to all the heirs as he would buy them all out. And I rote to him to rite to you and you could tell him all about the Meyers heirs. There is also a claim of land laid to my mother, Peggy McKinney, the daughter of James Lee of Russell Co., VA, years ago that is said to be worth 2000 dollars now and that amount when it was sold for taxes sold for $12.00 and sold by the administrator Alexander Lee, an uncle of mine. So let's see about this and just sell the one acre and a fraction and then if anything can be got out of the other we ought to have it. So if S. C. Gose has not rote to you, you write to him. Direct your letter to Benkley Mills, VA. I rote to him to see after 2000 dollar tracts of land and if he could get anything for it I would give him ten percent for tending to it. I knew for years this land had been laid off to mother and sold but I could not find out anything about it till lately. Well, I would be glad to see all of you. I will write Tillman and you and him look after these 2 pieces of land. I have already rote to this party I speak of an if I can do anything to help you out, I have sent my age and
A certificate as being the youngest heir of the McKenny Family to VA. So write soon and oblige.
/s/ J. M. McKenny
It is interesting to note as a sidelight that this letter was written only a few days after Lee's surrender at Appomatox, VA. At this time, TX was still in the war and wouldn't be occupied until 19 Jun 1865. Further, at this time, W. C. Myers was a soldier in Company D, 2nd AR Volunteer Infantry, USA. His brother Wiley J. Myers and brother in law, Joe Tillman, were members of Company H, 1st AR Mounted Rifles, CSA. William had joined the Confederate Army with his brother and brother in law, in 1861, but sent home for being too young. In Sep 1863, he was enlisted in the Union Army. Family tradition states that he was forced into the Union Army after being threatened with hanging by a marauding group of soldiers and a plea for his life by his sister Sarah Myers Tillman or his mother Jane McKinney Myers. The legend has it that both brothers refused to fire their guns to kill for the rest of the war for fear of shooting the other. William was wounded in action 2 Apr 1864, for which he later drew a pension. He returned to his home and lived out his life near Ola, Yell Co., AR, apparently without any problems resulting from his "dual' service.
Letters of Administration in the Aug term, 1848, Collin Co. Court, heirs of John McKinney are listed as: Zack Grayam, John McKinney, William McKinney, James McKinney, Roland McKinney, Wiley McKinney, Jane Myers, Sarah Burden. A probate record dated Aug, 1852, revealed that a land warrant of 160 acres granted to soldiers of the War with Mexico figured prominently in the disposition of John's estate. The listed heirs were the same as in 1848 with the exception of George Z. Grayum (Zack), son of Sophie, deceased. Sarah Burden was listed as a resident of Williamson Co., TX. Wiley, James, Roland, Nelson, William and Jane Myers were listed as residents of TX in 1855.
The children of John McKinney and Peggy Lee McKinney were: James b 1810, married Rhoda Burden, allegedly killed by bushwackers near Sparta, White Co., TN. Their children were sent to live with Uncle John Myers McKinney in TX (after 1863) were: Wiley Boley b ca 1812, wife Mary ?, d 1902; Sarah b ca 1814, m. Nathaniel Burden (brother of Rhoda); Jane b ca 1815 m. John England Myers; Giles who was allegedly killed 1861 1865; Nelson b ca 1822 m Lydia?, 2nd America Faulkner; Sophie b ca 1824 m. James Grayum; William George b ca 1827; Roland b ca 1824, wife Martha ?, d 1870, Montgomery Co., AR; John Myers 1832 1918, who married Elizabeth Jane Snyder and Mary Coffee.
Material compiled by David Owen Hale, Great grandson4 of John McKinney and Peggy Lee McKinney, Jane Myers5, Sarah & Joe Tillman4, Emma-Samuel Owen3, Walter-Mary Mowat2, Mary-P D. Hale1. Mrs. Doyle Maynard of Natchitoches, LA contributed to this compilation.
Editor: Following are several related items that will help to document this family.
Westfield Monthly Meeting, Surry Co., North Carolina, Records, Volume I
Whereas Jeams M'kenney of Surry Co area, State of NC, son of Jeams and Mary M'Kenney, and Sarah Pinson of the same place, daughter of Richard and
Maachah Pinson: having declared their intention of marrage with each other before several of the monthly meetings of the people called Quakers at Westfield in the county and State aforesaid and having consent of parents and parties convened were approve of by thee said meetings, and they left at their --- to accomplish their marrage according to the good and used among friends the which they did on this twenty third day of the twelfth month in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and one in the presents of many witnesses twelve of whom whos names are here inserted to wit Joel Pinson, Joseph Jessop, Byram Ballard, Caleb Sumner, Thomas Ballard, Nathan Beals, Sarah Jessop, Bettey Jessop, Sarah Ballard, Frances Burras, Rachel Harrold, Luse Mkenney.
Galen Mkenney son of Jeams and Sarah Mkenney was born the 2nd of ye 10 month 1803
Job Mkenney son of the same was Born ye 29 of ye 3 month 1805
Nathan Mkenney son of the same was born ye 19 of ye month 1807, 7 month
Nathan Mkenney decest ye 24 of ye ? 1808
Mary Mckenney daughter of the same was born the 4th of the 109th (?) month 1811
Decased 12th of 8th month 1812
James Munroe Mckiney son of the same was born the 22 of the 9th mo. 1815
Monthly meeting preparatory notes mention (Tom's Creek) James MCinne and his children to wit, Bettey, Birim, Shadrack, Frances, John, James, William hath been under the care of the preparative met. For some time (26 of 2 moth 1785).
James, Jr. was born 1776, Surry Co. near Tom's Creek. His children were listed by Mrs. Octavia Douglas as Galen b 1803; Ira b 1805; Nathan b 1807; Mary b 1809 (who was the first wife of Raleigh Chilton and who died shortly after marriage), Joel b 1811 and James Monroe b 1815. James and Sarah Pinson's son is not shown in her materials. If John and Margot Lee were the descendants of James and Mary Ballard, then John was born ca 1781 and the children as listed by Mr. Hale are correct. Further generations of James & Sarah Pinson McKinney are listed below:
Galen McKinney b 2 Oct 1803, died McKinney, TX, m Cynthia Clark; they had issue: Thomas Clark, James, John, William, Wilson, Sarah.
Thomas Clark b 1839 and wife, Rebecca C. ? died before 1880 and had issue T. Richard b 18673 (?); James b 1866; Ed b 1867; Alice Hollie b 1869; Jesse b 1870; Buckner Abernathy b 1872, died 1939, McKinney, TX.
2James b 1841 Prairie Grove, AR had children: Richard b 1863 TN; James b 1865, McKinney, TX; Edward b 1867; Mary b 1869; John b 1870; Sarah b 1856.
It seems highly likely that John McKinney (Konwell) settled in McKinney, TX to be near his relatives, the descendants of James and Sarah Pinson McKinney.
Errata: Fall, 1983 issue, p 68 Cope Farm Cemetery Records, cemetery is located near Leesburg, OH.
Miscellaneous North Carolina Research
Surry Co. Marriages:
McKiney, Aaron & Lidea Norman, 23 Mar 1845, Henry Normand, bond
McKiney, Archiles, Nancy Key, 19 Aug 1865, L. G. Waugh, at the house of Lewis Key
McKinny, David & Rachel Garrott, 27 Dec 1830, Garrott Copeland, bond
McKinney, Jesse & Phebe Gillespie, 16 Apr 1859, Joseph Gordon, bond
McKinney, Fountain B. & Martah Moore, 5 Jun 1834, W. M. P. Tucker, bond
McKinney, Granville & Emezet J. Ferris, 13 Feb 1856, Pleasant Haymore, bond
McKinney, John and Sarah Roard (k), 18 May 1814, Thomas Jessop, bond
McKiny, E. H. and S. S. Scott, 29 Aug 1865, B. F. Scott, bond
McKiny, James and Lucinda Kees, 24 Jan 1833, Edward M. Dobson, bond
William McKinney, Jr of Rutherford Co., and Miss Diana Wilson, daughter of Thomas Wilson, Oct 8, 1830, on Sandy Run
James McKinney and Mary Boone of North and South Carolina
James McKinney was born 1763 and was said to have been from NJ. He died Mar 1841. James' wife was Mary Boone, the daughter of Ratliff Boone who owned and disposed of property on the Tarrant River or Arrarat River in Surry Co. Mary was born about 1767 and died 3 Dec 1857. James and Mary had issue:
David who m. Nancy Talley in 1810
John Henry b 20 Sep 1788, m 21 Mar 1822, Elizabeth Robertson
Hester Boone b ca 1801, m James Robertson
John Henry (?) m. Susanna ?, and had issue
Hester Ann, b 7 Dec 1827, m Robert Stewart
Mary Margaret, b ca 1834, m ? Harper
John Henry Clay b 1836, m Mary Cherry
Josephine, m ? Barron
James Robinson b 1823, m Mary Mozely
Thomas Newton, b ca 1824, m Mary Alexander
Elizabeth Evaline, b ca 1832, m Henry Penny
Claiborne Curriner, b ca 1830
The next section has a handwritten note in the margin that says "This is all wrong!"
Microfilm in the NC Archives gives the following: James McKinney of NC and Pendleton, Pickens Co., SC m Sarah Wilson (said to have been first cousin, Sarah McKinney rather than Wilson) and had the following children:
Wilson, b Bedford Co., VA, m 27 Mar 1780, Elizabeth Stevens died in Limestone Co., AL.
Charles, b 1782, Bedford Co.
James, who married Mary Boone and died in Pendleton Co., SC (no birth date given but note the difference with the above two dates this James was b ca 1763). (Children listed above son, John b 1788, d 1873 SC).
Pickens Co. Equity Records, No. 5524, Part 3 show: James McKinney, wife, Mary Boone, d 19 Mar 1841 and lists children: Charles and wife, Nancy; Eliza (Robert Knox); Rosa (Martin or Morton); Sarah (Charley McKinney); John, George; Evaline (Mosley); Raliff (Ratliff ?). James and Mary are buried on the west side of the Keowee River on the homeplace of their grandson Frank Robertson. Horace E. Gravely lists their children as:
John Henry, b 1788 m Elizabeth Robertson
Elizabeth b 1793, m James Lay
Hester boon b 1801 m James Robertson
Mary, m Nov 3, 1833, ____ Earnest
Sarah, m a McKinney
James, m a McKinsey
Charles, m ? Taylor
David m Nancy Talley, 1830
Jesse, served in SC Legislature
Eliza B. m Zachariah Gibson, 1840
William, m _____ Lay
According to the records of Mary McKinney Ware of Liberty, SC and taken from probate, courthouse records from Pickens Co., and US Census data, the descendants of James Mckinney and Mary Boone were:
Children of John Henry and Elizabeth Robertson McKinney: James Robertson b 1823 d 1907; Thomas Newton b 1824, d 1885; Hester Ann b 1827; Clairborne Curriner b 1830 d 1862; Elizabeth Evaline b 1832; Mary Margaret, b 1838; Josephine Lillian b 1845.
Children of Charles and M. Taylor (he died before 1850): Eliza m Robert Knox; John; Sarah m Wiley McConnell; Rosey L. m Stephen Martin; George; Caroline.
Children of James and Melinda McKinney (liv Charokee Co., GA aft 1845); Caldwell b 1834; Melissa b 1837; Reuben b 1839; Leonides b 1845.
Children of Elizabeth and James Lay: John b 1822; Sarah E. b 1829; Archibald b 1838; Jesse; Charles Middleton.
Children of Sarah and James McKinney (son of Jesse McKinney of Surry Co); Allison D., m Frances Hyatt
Children of David and Nancy Talley: James D. b 1834; Mary b 1836 m William Murphy; Francis L. b 1838; Wm. Preston b 1842; Nancy b 1847; lived Rabun Co., GA.
Children of William and ? Lay, lived in TX.
Children of Hester Boone and James Robertson: Sarah A. 1828-1905; Benjamin Franklin 1829-1896; Malinda Torent m Carter Porter; Narcissus Miranda, b 1835; Arretha Saphrona 1837-1899; Eliza Emalissa b 1838; Thomas Lafayette, 1840-1902; D. Nathaniel Boone 1842-1862, killed in Civil War; Mary Margaret b 1845; William Carlisle 1847-1892.
Children of Mary b 1809, d 1897 and Rev. S. W. Earnest (Walker Co., GA), none listed. They res Cleveland, TN 1844-1848; Whitfield Co GA 1848, he d 1850.
Wilson, unmarried, died in a drowning, 1857.
Jesse, b ca 1810 died before 1860, unmarried. 1850 Census shows mother, Mary living with him.
Preston, b ca 1812, was living with his brother David in Rabun Co., GA in 1850, went to CA?
Some additional marriages were listed at the bottom: James R. son of John and Elizabeth Robertson McKinney married a Moseley and moved to AR. Thomas, his brother, m E. M. Alexander. Nancy K., their sister, married Thomas Alexander and Thomas Harper.
Hester Boon's children married the following: Sarah m. Hiram Grogan; Frank m Jane Bowen; Malinda m Carter Porter; Narcissus m Richard Cothran; Aretha m William Warren Moss; Eliza m John Tarleton Lewis; Thomas m Artemissa Clayton; Boone died in 1862 in the CSA; Mollie m James Armstrong; Carlisle m Zella Allgood. Eliza Emmalissa was born in Bertie or Rowan Co., NC. John Henry McKinney was said to have arrived in SC with his family in 1796.
James Robertson McKinney of Benton Co., AR had the following children: Lawrence Brooks b 1857 d 1939, m Mary Jones and Martha Saphronia Brown. Margaret Lillian, m Robert McGaugh; Elizabeth Esther m George Allen Jones; John Henry m Fannie Dossen; Susan Cornelia m John Davis; Julia m Clint Smith; Robert Lee m Laura A. Suell; Edward; Mary Emma m Marshall Uennet, Clayburn S. m Mattie Carl.
Biographical Appendix of the History of AR, Benton Co., written by Carl McKinney, states that James Robertson McKinney of Hico Twp. Was born in Pickens co SC 16 Jan 1823, whose father was a native of NC but was reared in SC from the age of seven.
Thomas Newton McKinney was born in 1824 and died in 1885. He enlisted in the Cavalry 1 Apr 1863 and served under Stonewall Jackson, hospitalized in Richmond in 1864. His wife was Mary Emaleissa Alexander, sister of Thomas. Their children were William Robertson (Sonora Glazener and Neta Cantrell); John Thomas m Lillian Blake Corbin; Hannah Elizabeth m Alvin Willoughby Gravely; William Marvin; Eula Emmalissa m Austin Durham; Thomas Carlisle m Mae Hudson; Frances Elizabeth m Ernest Winchester. The Allison D. McKinney family were located in TN Valley NC (Macon Co) and the 1870 census of Jackson Co gives: Allison D. age 51, Frances E. age 46, James age 75, James E. age 23, Nathan H, age 21, Catharine J. age 18, Harriet, age 17, John S. 15, Caroline 14, Sarah T. 12, Zebulon V. 9, Ruth, 7, and Bun Paka (2 ?). The researcher in this family will note many discrepancies, and Maze will be happy to print corrected and updated information regarding this family. One researcher has said that this family (John and Susanna and descendants) are inter-related with James the Quaker, but offered no proof.
Family bible record of George Pearson McKinney and wife, Elizabeth Brooks Oakley McKinney of Stoney Creek Twp., Caswell Co., NC. George Pearson was the son of James Aaron McKinney and wife, Martha Frances Stadler, the dau of John and Nancy Arnold Stadler. Elizabeth Brooks Oakley was the dau of Francis Lendon Oakley and Judith Carver Oakley of Pearson Co and the granddaughter of John B. and Nancy Carter.
This Bible was in the possession of George Washington McKinney of Pleasant Grove Tsp, Alamance Co., NC, 1942.
George Pearson McKinney m Elizabeth B. Oakley, Mar 12, 1876
Nancy Jane McKinney m Bose Brintle
James Lendon McKinney m Judith Niles
Mary Frances McKinney m Julius Fletcher Madren
George Washington McKinney m Cora Bell Trollinger
William Andrew McKinney m Maude Ellen Boswell
Corrina Catherine McKinney m Arthur N. Apple
Pearson Brooks McKinney m Iona Kimbro
Benjamin Franklin Beauregard Silverster McKinney m Maude Oakley
Sarah Ann Elizabeth McKinney m Marcellus P. Robertson
Dewey Samuel McKinney m Viola Byrd
George Pearson McKinney d Mar 7, 1931
Elizabeth Brooks Oakley McKinney died
Nancy Jane McKinney Brintle d Jan 30, 1897
James Lendon McKinney d Feb ___ 1941
William Andrew McKinney d Jun 13, 1939
Corrina Catherine McKinney Apple died
Benjamin Franklin B. S. McKinney d Feb 3, 1933
John Woody McKinney died
Nancey J. Brindle departed this life Jan 30, ?
George P. McKinney b Oct 12, 1854
Elizabeth Brooks Oakley b Sep 15, 1855
Nancy Jane McKinney b Mar 30, 1877
James Lendon McKinney b Aug 31, 1878
Mary Frances McKinney b Apr 19, 1880
George Washington McKinney b Feb 4, 1882
William Andrew McKinney b Feb 14, 1884
Corriner Catherine McKinney b Jun 27, 1886
Pearson Brooks McKinney b Jul 24, 1888
John Woody McKinney b Sep 4, 1890
Franklin Benjamin Beauregard Silvester McKinney b Aug 4, 1893
Sarah Ann Elizabeth McKinney b Apr 4, 1897
Dewey Samuel McKinney b Aug 28, 1899
Recorded herein, on this the 18th day of Apr, A. D. 1945. Copied from the files of Register of Deeds, Caswell Co., NC by Mr. J. Burch Blaylock Mrs. Kay Dixon, Wm. Gaston Chapter, DAR, Gastonia, NC, Aug, 1955.
Family bible record of James Aaron McKinney and Martha Frances Stadler McKinney now in possession of George Washington McKinney (as above):
James A. McKinney m Martha F. Stadler, Jan 12, 1854
George P. McKinney m Elizabeth B. Oakley, Mar 12, 1876
John J. McKinney m Mary F. Massey, Apr 1, 1880
James A. McKinney m Delila G. King, Feb 18, 1883
George P. McKinney b Oct 12, 1854
John J. McKinney b May 9, 1857
William S. McKinney b Jun 20, 1860
James A. McKinney, Jr., b 17, Jan 1863
James A. McKinney, Senior, d Nov 11, 1862
William S. McKinney d Jun 27, 1860
Delila C. McKinney d Apr 30, 1885
Martha F. McKinney departed this life May 4, 1903
John J. McKinney departed this life Apr 23, 1924
James A. McKinney, Jr., d Dec 2, 1888
Matty Virginia McKinney d Jun 2, 1884
Note: James Aaron McKinney Jr. m Alzada Susan Burke the 2nd time
John J. McKinney's middle name was Jefferson
Martha Frances Stadler McKinney was b Dec 26, 1831 in Caswell Co, recorded herein on this the 19th day of Apr 1945. (As above)
William Andrew McKinney was the son of George Pearson and Elizabeth Brooks Oakley McKinney and grandson of James Aaron McKinney Sr. and Martha Frances Stadler McKinney.
W. A. McKinney and Maude E. Boswell married Dec 24, 1911
George Thomas Burton McKinney m Leona Powell
William Clyde McKinney m Edna Frances Smith
Howard Walters McKinney m Daisey Beatrice Simmons
Lurline Elizabeth McKinney m Robert Gordon Bennett
George Thomas Burton McKinney b Feb 23, 1913
William Clyde McKinney b May 3, 1914
Sylvester Overby McKinney b Jun 7, 1916
Howard Walters McKinney b Mar 26, 1918
Samuel Floyd McKinney b Oct 7, 1919
Lurline Elizabeth McKinney b Jun 12, 1921
Georgia Florine McKinney b Jun 23, 1926
Maude Ellen Boswell b Jul 23, 1889
William A. McKinney b Feb 14, 1884 united with the Church in 1910
Sylvester Overby McKinney d Jan 11, 1920 age 3 yrs 7 mos 4 days
Maude Ellen McKinney d Feb 2, 1938, age 48 yrs
William Andrew McKinney d Jun 13, 1939, age 55 yrs
Recorded 17th day of Apr, 1945 (as above)
Errata: Fall, 1983 Issue, queries: Pauline McKinney on Sunrise Drive, should be Phoenix, AZ. Also, surname listing should read "Keller'.
Rutherford Co., North Carolina, Marriage Records:
Henry McKinney, Mary Robbins, 18 Mar 1788, William Robbins, bond.
James McKinney, Elizabeth Horn, 30 Aug 1840, William H. McKinney & Drury Dobbins, Wit.
John M. McKinney, Martha Daniel, 15 Nov 1834, Wm. G. Daniel, John Baber
Miller McKinney, Mary C. Camp, 2 Sep 1844, David D. Lollar, bond
Simeon McKinney, Lethe McKinney, 10 Apr 1838
Thomas McKinney, Mary A. Ford, 22 Sep 1853
W. A. McKinney, Biddy S. McDaniel, 4 Oct 1860, G. B. McDaniel, Bond
William McKinney, Betsey Dugger, 12 Aug 1817, J. Callihan and Willis McKinney Bondsmen
William McKinney Jr., Dianna Wilson, 4 Oct 1830, William H. McKinney, bond
William A. McKinney, Louisa Camp, 10 Oct, 1849, C. L. Hanson
Burnice McKinney, Milly Jones, 22 Aug 1807, John Jones Bond
George McKinney, Martha Miller, 20 Mar 1797, James Miller Bond
James M. McKinney, Jane McKinney, 18 Nov 1824, Jonathan H. McKinney, Bond
John McKinney, Barbara McKinne, wit deed for John bunch, Nov Court, 1732. John and Barbara lived in Lincoln Co., TN.
George Mckeny, Margaret Robley, m 4 Jan 1825, Rowan Co., NC.
Will, Fall court, 1837, NC, Henry McKinney, farmer, probated 24 Aug 1834. To wife, Nancy, 1 mare, gotten from my son William, 150 acres land in Spartanburg, SC on waters of Buck Creek. Wife to have use and benefit of all my estate consisting of 125 acres where I now live, 1 horse gotten from Seth Russell with other stock, tools and furniture so she may raise our small children. At marriage of each of her daughters, they shall be entitled to receive 16 lbs of feathers each. Reason I have nothing to leave my first six children is that they had more than I can possibly give the last. Executors, Whitlock McKinney, he is to choose guardians for the young children if necessary. Witnessed by John H. Bedford, Alanson Padgett, Stephen Camp. Henry testator 21 Jul 1835 struck out, "or widowhood or marriage'.
William McKinney, Will E333, 15 May 1847, Fall Court, 1857: Mentions sons, Willis, William H. all lands equally divided between them. Daughter, Sally, 1 bed and furniture, $150. Daus Susanna Jones, Polly Jones, Bedy McDaniel, Lethy Green, $50.00 each balance of estate to be sold and money equally divided between all my children: Susannah Jones, Polly Jones, Bedy McDaniel, Sally McKinney, Burnice McKinney, Willis McKinney, William H. McKinney, Lethy Green. Extrs: Sons in law, Edmund Jones, Zachariah McDaniel.
George McKinney, witnessed will of Moses Henderson, 28 Aug 1833, Rowan Co.
William McKhenny, Rowan Co., 11 Nov 1755, receipt for sale of white horse to H. Potts, 8 pistoles.
George Elisha Greenlee, b 12 Jan 1837, m Jane Elizabeth McKinney and settled in Mitchell Co, they were from Cabarrus Co., NC.
Joseph Leonard Allman m Matilda Branch. Their dau Myrtle married Newland McKinney of Burke Co. Joseph b 1844.
Louis Watson Alaton b 1884 liv Camden SC, m Charlotte Niven McKinney, dau of New York lawyer, William Allison McKinney and Mary Eliza Niven. Married in 1913.
Arthur Erwin 1739-1821 bought land on Upper Creek, Rowan Co. (now Iredell) and then Burke Co, from James McKinney 1227 acres.
Draper Collection, Index, 1982:
Interview, John McKinney 11cc, 1843 Pioneers in KY
Mrs. K/Levisa McKinney, 1843, 9cc
William Whitley, d 1813, papers from Crab Orchard, KY
Lucinda McKinney, 15vv
Mrs. Polly McKinney, obituary, 29cc
Thomas McKinney, interview with, 12cc
Mrs. Polly, miscellaneous clippings, KY
Alexander McKinney, John Stewart, 23c, letter with Daniel Boone
We do not have access to the complete Draper collection however some of our researchers will find the index listings useful.
Charles McKinney of Surry Co., North Carolina
Charles McKinney was the son of Henry McKinney of Burke Co., NC, who died in 1774. He was the nephew of James McKinney of Burke and his wife, Elizabeth McDowell, daughter of Capt. Joseph McDowell who was born 1715 in the north of Ireland. In 1774 James McKinney was appointed guardian of Sarah, Charles, Eleanor, and Henry McKinney, orphans of Henry McKinney. Security was Charles McDowell, Thomas Whitson. Charles married Rachel Inman of burke and moved to Buncombe Co about 1803. Their children were Joseph, Henry b 1805, Mary Margaret, John William and Charles McKinney.
Joseph McKinney or Surry Co., North Carolina
Joseph was son of Charles and Rachel Inman McKinney, born in 1802 and died ca 1880. He married Lydia Bell, dau of Robert and Sarah of Buncombe Co. His farm was located near the town of Democrat and both are buried at the old McKinney Cemetery at Big Ivy. Their Children were Robert Henry b 1827 (Cindy Starnes), Sally b 1828; Charles W. b 1831 (Martha J. ?), William A. b 1832 (Sara Starnes); Flora A. C. b 1835 (Samuel P. Carter; Matilda Elvira b 1837 (Francis Marion Starnes); Eliza P.; Minerva J.; Catherine; John M.; Thomas; John Lafayette (Rachel Arrowood).
1839, Ann Arundel Co., Rev. James McKenney m E. Shaw and T. Franklin, at Annapolis, 19 Nov 1928
John Kenny, will, 1664-1748, EB9 233
Patrick McKennee, EB1 146
William McKinney, ND 5-229, (early wills of Annapolis)
Donald McKennie, 1776, served on the Military Colonial Commission
Joshua McKenzie (McKinney), drummer, Lt. Col. Weltner's Company, enlisted Apr 20, 1778 (b 20 Mar 1764 MD, m Mary Jones), Joshua died Ross Co., OH, 1835. DAR marker on grave, Twin Township Cemetery, Ross Co. Brother Moses was fifer and served in the battles of White Plains, Monmouth and siege of Yorktown. Also had brother, Jess, whose widow died in Ross Co., OH and received pension.
Scots to America during the 1745: 1747, Patomak, MD, 5 Aug, rebels on the "Gildart" from Liverpool, indentured 7 years were Alexander Macinny, Donald Mackiney.
Matthew McKinnie, a resident in local records at Newcastle, Delaware, 1697.
Miscellaneous North Carolina Marriages
Halsey Whitson, Jane Greaves, 31 Jul 1851, Tyrrell Co.
James Whitson, Deborah McKinney, 22 Apr 1816, Wm. McKinney, bond, Tyrell Co.
Thomas McKinney, Margaret Whitson, 10 Mar 1792, Knavey McKinney, bond.
Questions, Questions, Questions
Info requested, Cornelius McHaney Sr 1720-1808, who was born to Dennis McHaney and Frances Watkins, Ireland or Scotland, d at Straight Stone Creek, Pitts. Co., VA. Frances' father John d 1762, Halifax Co., VA. Cornelius m Mildred Hicks ca 1845, seven children. Georgia D. Munro, CO
Searching for Roger McKenney, d ca 1774, "96' Dist., SC, m Elinor (liv 1789) in Edgefield Co., SC. Children were Roger b 1751 PA (son Robert b SC); Timothy b 1756 PA (issue, Roger, Robert Ditton, Timothy, William Johnson); Mary m. James or John Harkins; Elinor m. Samuel Ramsey, issue: Mathew m Sarah Robinson; William d Abbeyville Co. ca 1827; James 1783-1851 m Mary Quattelbaum; John d 1797; Christian. James Ramsey, TX
Family Bible says Daniel McKinney killed by Indians ca 1789-1793. Four ch, one J. D. McKinney, 9 May 1788 PA. Daniel McKinney of Scioto Co., OH had three ch, Theodore, Daniel, Cynthia are these two Daniels one and the same? Will exc info. Mary K. Hubbard, NJ
William McKinney, wife Elizabeth ?, both from Mt. Holly (Springs) Cumberland Co., PA. Gen. III, John Donnelly m Dorothea McKinney Smith m 6 Sep 1798, 1st Presby. Church, Carlisle, PA, both bur there. Gen. IV, William McKinney Donnelly, m Mary Heller, dau of William b 1810 near Bendersville, Adams Co., PA. Any info exch. Marilyn Unseld Owen, CA
Need parents of Polly McKinney b ca 1800, m Abraham Gann, 17 Apr 1827, Roane Co., TN, later removed to Livingston Co., MO. Helen MacDonald, ID
Need info on Thomas McKinney b OH, m Jeanette Keller, b ca 1840, OH. Issue: Charles Harold b 1861 IL m Susan Francis Cox b 1862, Pike Co., IL., Thomas Egbert Martin McKinney b 1863 IL, m Mary Louisa Cox, b 1860, Muscatine Co., IA, daus of Recompense S. Cox and Harriet Alexander. Mrs. Pauline McKinney, AZ
Searching for parents of Margaret E. McKinney b 25 Oct 1863, IN, d 28 Aug 1917, bur Log Creek, Pike Co., IN, m James Robert Hopper, 24 Jan 1883. Need data confirming Bayles Logan McKinney and Sarah Warner as parents, and John Watson McKinney and Rebecca Pittman as grandparents. Mrs. Daune (Duane ?) E. Hopper, FL
Abraham McKinney and Elenor Lemberson had dau Sarah b 2 Nov 1782, m Samuel Rea b 1776, Hunterdon Co., NJ, he d 12 Feb 1849, Hackettstown, Warren Co., NJ, both bur Union Cemetery. Info exchgd, show two ch for Samuel and Sarah, others? John Rea, KY
Searching for parents, Benjamin F. McKinney who m Mary Ann Smith, Hempstead Co., AR, 1829. Mary Ann and Perry Smith were cousins, in census, George F. Smith lived near Benjamin, and George F. and Hezekiah W. Smith were brothers. Mary Ann and her daus lived in home off Hezekiah Smith in 1850 father? Sallie Holt, TX
Samuel McKinney, wife, Sarah ?, 96 District, 1790 Census, Greenville, SC, served during Revolution in 3rd SC Regiment under Col. Wm. Thompson, not shown in 1800 census. Any information available on Samuel? Neal B. McKinney, MD
Searching for parents and siblings of Samuel McKinney, wife, Nancy Allen m 13 Sep 1797, d Lycoming Co., PA 1832. Children listed in family bible are: James, Jane, Samuel Jr., Elizabeth, Mary and David. Orphans' Court record, Lycoming Co. 1833, names a minor child, Thomas for whom I have no record. Will exchange info. Alice McKinney Fisher, CA
Josiah McKinney m Mary Carter; Joseph McKinney m 1819, Virginia Carter; Joseph R. McKinney b 1822 d 1884 Bath Co., KY m N. Cordelia Williams; Joseph Archie McKinney b 1852 KY, m Lillie Elizabeth Shields, 1875. Ruby Tucker, TX
Mahala Clickner m a Cowman, OH pre 1890, m 2nd, Henry Valentine McKinney ca 1889 died ca 1900. Who was Cowman husband, parents, siblings? Patricia Kirkwood, CA
Change of Address:
Marian Platt Abel
Maurice E. McKinney, IN
Greg D. McKinney, IN
Carl McKenney, FL
Marilyn Unseld Owen, CA
F. M. Rogers, MT
Beth Zuehlke, NE
Summary of Ten Generation Descent Charts by Principal States of Residence
Alice McKinney Fisher, Ancestry Register
Marion Stroud, F-Edmund James 1867; GF, John Boone 1847; GGF Archibald 1818 SC to AR
Ila Eckstadt, GM MO Frances 1862; GGF, Rev. Daniel Stewart 1822; GGGF, John D. 1788, PA to IL
John Orfans, GF Charles Ralph, 1881
Barbara Thompson, GGGF, Abraham, 1805; GGGM, Mary Jane 1828, PA to IL
Daune Hopper, GM-Margaret E., 1863; GGF, Bayles Logan; GGGF, John Watson, 1810
Rosalie Jackson, F-Harley Jefferson 1880; GF, Jesse Bracken 1850; GGF, Joseph Jefferson 1816; GGGF, Anthony Wayne 1794; GGGF, Joseph Robert, 1748, NJ to IN
Dorothy Johnson, GGGF, William A., 1806 OH to IN
David W. McKinney, GGF, William Van Hook, 1813, GF, John Wilkerson 1848; F. Jesse, 1846
Naomi White, GGGF, Hiram 1795, KY to IN James6, Amanda Jane7 m Jay W. Cather
Raymond Fletcher McKinney, F-Lindsey Monroe 1859; GF, Hezekiah Lindsey 1816 OH to IN
Alice Fisher, F-Jasper 1867; GF Thomas Newton 1827; GGF, James 1798; Samuel GGGF PA to IN to MI to IA
Pat Kirkwood, F-Henry Harlis 1907; GF Henry Valentine 1851; GGF Jesse, 1818
Bruce Robert McKinney, F-Edward C. (S) KS to NM; GGF, David, 1811 KY to KS
Howard W. McKinney, F-Fred, 1862; GGF Alfred, 1856, NC to KS
John Orfans, GGF, Edward, 1853, KY to KS
Billy G. McKinney, ancestor, James W., ca 1870
Michael J. McKinney, GGF, Lewis Milton 1813; GF Louis Milton, 1840 KY to AL
Miriam Schaefer GGGM, Mary Polly, 1805
Willa Sorenson, GGGF, John, 1808
Marjorie Yost, ancestor, Mary Elizabeth, 1846
Michael Joseph McKinney, F, George Samuel 1878; GF, Louis Milton, 1840
Donald Earle McKinney, GGF, Andrew Jackson 1840; GGGF, Richard 1787; 3 Generations of Roberts, 1759-1729/1729, ca 1700
Mildred Brummel, F, Duane, 1892; GF Junius, 1854; GGF, Samuel, 1816, James 1774, NY
Monica Grey, GGGF, William Sanford 1856; GGGGF, Samuel H 1829, KY to MO
Lelah J. Medley, GM, Martha Emmeline 1887; GGF, James, 1840 TN to MO
Bruce Robert McKinney, GF, Anthony Wayne, 1840 MO to NM
Naomi White, GM, Amanda Jane (Geneva) 1869, IN to NE
Marian Abel, Antje, 1747, NJ to NY
Pat Kirkwood, GGGF, Obediah, 1786; GGGF, James 1748, PA to NC
Howard W. McKinney, GGF, Alfred 1832; GGGF, Aaron 1806, GGGF, Shadrick, 1778
Thelma Small, F Brooks, GF, Elisha, GGF, Brooks, GGGF, Peter, VA to NC
Norene Walton, GM, Sarah Jane, GGF, Andrew
James Haning, GGGGM, Margaret
Barbara Maybury, GGM, Mary Elizabeth 1838
John Orfans, GGGF, William, 1825
Cheryl Taylor, GGGGM, Nancy, no place given but remaining lines, OH (not McKinney)
Naomi White, GGF, James, 1832
Dorothy Wilson, GGM, Hannah, 1850; GGGF, William III, 1816 NJ to OH, GGGGF, William
Joan C. McKinney, F John 1904; GF, Elmer H., 1871 AR to OK; GGF, John H. 1844, TN
Conda Lee Roach, M, Lola Irene, 1914; GF, William Aaron 1875
Virginia Story, M-Mattie Lou 1889; GF James Thomas 1866; GGF, David H. 1844, GGGF, James H. 1815
Gladys Alexander, interested in AL lines to TX
Bobbi Comstock, F Arthur Davis 1910; GF Henry Dickson 1879; GGF, Joseph Archibald, 1852; GGGF Joseph R., 1819 KY
Ann Graff, Collin 1795 KY to TX, GGGGF; GGGM, Ellen Jane 1822
Norma Jones, GGGF, John 1798; GGF, John C. 1820; GF, Richard James 1842 and Mor- Lola Emma 1872, MS to TX
Virginia Story GF, James Thomas 1866 TN to TX
Ruby Tucker, GF Henry Dixon 1879 KY to TX, M-Annie May, 1903
Abbreviations: M, mother; F, father; GGGM, great great grandmother, etc.
(To be continued)
Public Record office in Belfast notes that records are available. The PRO is the equivalent to our National Archives, and there is a registration fee to place a request for ancestor information with the foundation there. A complete genealogical portrait has a maximum cost. Write to give what part you believe your family was from, names, dates, religion, etc.